In order to prevent killing young male chickens, we are in need of more feasible solutions – German agri-economist

Annually, nearly 45 million young male chickens are killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable for the market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure they may not be also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock

The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.

Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the managing director of Seleggt GmbH, a member of this Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation utilizing the University of Leipzig, has continued to develop the very first functional way for early sex recognition in hen eggs.

Because of the Seleggt technique, the intercourse of a new chicken may be determined when you look at the egg. How can this work?

Our method is better referred to as an hormonal, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We already know just that gender-specific hormones, such as for instance oestrone sulphate, are usually contained in the non-incubated egg and therefore are just created into the feminine egg.

To achieve this, you have to wait about nine days before the hormones are available in the egg in enough volume. Then we draw out a little fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a marker that is biochemical.

This then shows, by having a color modification, whether or not the oestrone sulphate is current. Feminine eggs are then gone back to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.

Thus far, nonetheless, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial production, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>

Within the last couple of years, we now have made progress that is incredible refining our technology. We could now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per machine.

But, the procedure has just been utilized in our hatchery that is in-house so. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered today in about 380 supermarkets into the greater Berlin area. The truth that these eggs just exist here, for the present time, is simply because the true number of laying hens remains workable.

Since February, nevertheless, we have been breeding on a more substantial scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young chickens that are female each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. After that, I will be seeing a growing quantity of respeggt eggs in the marketplace. The Rewe Group has set it self the aim of offering these eggs in most its branches that are german the finish for the 12 months.

Beginning the following year, we’ll then provide while making our technology offered to hatcheries. To start with, this is done in a way that is cost-neutral.

Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly available.

Cost-neutral may possibly imply that you first have to make an advance re payment. Exactly why is that the scenario?

Our enterprize model consist of supermarkets spending us a licence charge – but only if the eggs that are first for sale in supermarkets. We now have create a Respeggt logo to demonstrate the consumer that the eggs had been produced without killing young birds.

This really is a clear added value as supermarkets can then get this marketable. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because we made the hatching eggs offered by the start of the supply string.

The customer, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing young birds from being slaughtered due to the fact cost of eggs are going to be somewhat increased.

Any kind of other means of the very early detection of intercourse being developed?

Yes, other practices are now being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but in addition when you look at the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more info on these processes, because their development obviously happens in today’s world.

In virtually any full situation, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I’m not just worried about your competitors, but in addition in regards to the problem of killing chickens that are young.

To tell the truth, running the whole sector with a single technology will be a challenge that is serious.

Is because your reach remains too little?

Yes. We be prepared to raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery in 2010 – that is merely a fall when you look at the ocean considering that an overall total of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded on a yearly basis.

This means we’re going to require a large amount more time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we have the ability to talk about a paradigm change. Rome had not been built in one day.

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If the Seleggt technology had been established, it absolutely was labelled as a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A different one of those may be the use that is dual of. Could that end up being the future of chicken agriculture?

The very fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.

Here is the best way we can produce really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, needless to say, should be to reproduce hens which have an excellent laying performance, while their brothers have fattening performance that is high. That appears like a jack-of-all-trades kind of unit and that’s just what it is.

As an agricultural scientist with a PhD in farming, i could inform you that we now have complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building adequate muscle mass. Each one or even the other.

However, i really hope that the reproduction organizations continue steadily to work intensively about this problem to ensure we now have an economically viable solution for dual-use chickens.

Gender dedication methods are only a short-term solution and it might definitely be much more sustainable and in most of our passions when we could place a end for this killing of young birds.

Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic

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